ABOUTLibrilla is situated in the Guadalentin Valley, just 23 kilometres from the capital of the Region. It was given its name, in the 12th century, by the Arabic geographer Al-Hidrissi, who named it Lymbraya, which means "Ravine of the Spectres" in reference to the deep ravine which in those times already wound its way through the town dividing it into two parts. This ravine was a secure defense to the south-west.
HISTORYIn the year 1243, the Moorish king Ibn Hud handed the city over to Alphonse X. Later, in the time of Alphonse XI, D. Juan Manuel, the King of Castilia's governor in the Kingdom of Murcia, inherited this area as one of the estates which belonged to his father.
The importance of this town can be deduced from its fortifications and the repairs which were made to its walls and castle over a period of many years. The careful distribution of its forts towards the Segura Valley, Lorca, Aledo and Alhama indicate that they guarded and watched over all the routes which led to and from the Granada-Almeria border and that is why the Fajardos, who ruled over Alhama, with its mighty watch tower, decided to maintain and reinforce this hospitable town at the foot of the Carrascoy Range, whose main route strategically crossed the valley towards the road to Cartagena. When the Fajardo family founded their estate in Librilla , it was officially declared a Borough, with its origins dating from 1458, giving it a not inconsiderable history; they then proceeded to set up their ancestral home there and built stables for horse-breeding. The residential home of the nobles of this area was inhabited, until the first third of the 18th century, by the Duke of Montalvo and the Marchioness of the Velez.